15G Technology Overview
5G technology is a revolution. It promises to change our relationship with the mobile phone and what surrounds us, leaving far behind the current 4G. It will do so in three axes: a higher speed (exceeding the gigabyte per second), a lower latency (the response time will decrease to two or three milliseconds, below even the human being) and a huge capacity to connect thousands of devices per square kilometer, allowing the decisive takeoff of the so-called internet of things and solving coverage problems. But, is 5G already a reality? When will the average user notice its advantages?
“We are working on it”. It has been the most listened answer in the Forum 5G held last week in Malaga and where representatives of operators, manufacturers and other actors involved in the development of this technology participated. The implementation dates offered have been very similar for some: the first mobile phones will reach the market in the coming months, 2020 will be the year of the deployment of the infrastructure and 2021 when the operators launch the first data rates. Then the massive irruption will arrive, which will be definitive in 2023. “The user will then become a super user,” says Jesús Martín, head of technology at Samsung Iberia. Each person will spend 30 gigas a month on average compared to the current two, according to the data that Huawei handles. “All this taking into account that this technology will reach the big cities first,
It still remains. And the first thing that must be built are the foundations of this information highway. “Without the infrastructure of the operators, it will not do to have a 5G cell phone,” explains Virginia Teixeira, Director of Systems Engineering at Cisco, a communications technology manufacturer, who believes that this deployment should be done “in the future”. that is not obsolete soon. “Technology is, now is your turn,” insists Álvaro Villegas, director of Nokia Bell Labs Spain. Vodafone, Orange, Telefónica and MasMóvil do not reject their role. They have been testing and learning about 5G for years in various cities in Spain. But it is difficult to take the step because they bring the lesson learned after the experience of 3G and 4G. “Doing all the deployment of infrastructures involves a great expense,” says Tomás Palacios, Director of Product Engineering at Orange Spain. “And to have a return on investments, we still need a more mature technology,” he adds.